30 Different Types of Drills & Their Uses

30 Different Types of Drills & Their Uses

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Having the right instrument for the job is the first step toward producing high-quality results. Drills vary greatly in terms of size, purpose, speed, and power.

As a result, before you go out and get one, you should educate yourself about the many varieties and their applications so you can make an informed decision.

The most popular types of drills and their applications are listed below.divider 8


Manual Drills (Best for Home Use)

These were the earliest sorts of drills invented. They transform the circular motion you produce physically into increased torque, allowing you to drill holes into hard objects. Even while manual drills are not as popular as they once were owing to the physical work required, they remain useful equipment to have about the house in case of a power outage. These are some examples:

1.Eggbeater Hand Drill

Image Credit: Wikimedia CommonsMillers Falls Eggbeater hand drill

This is a gear-driven drill with a driving wheel that rotates when the handle is rotated. When the wheel begins to spin, the drill travels with the chuck, forcing the bit to revolve. This manual tool excels in drilling smaller holes in wood and metal.

2.Breast Drills

two speed breast drill

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

These tools function similarly to eggbeater hand drills, with the exception that they have a plate connected to the rear. This plate allows you to apply extra drilling pressure during operation by pressing against the drill with your chest. Breast drills are therefore more forceful than eggbeater hand drills.

3.Brace Drill

brace manual drill

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The U-shaped spindle on the brace drill helps you to produce greater torque while cranking it. It also has another spindle at the top that allows you to hold the tool and align it in the correct place. When working with wood, the brace drill is utilized for countersinking.

4.Bow Drill

bow drill demo

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

This device is also known as a fire drill since it can ignite flames without the need of matches. It includes a bow, hearth, spindle, and bearing block. It generates heat by friction, which results in the formation of an ember in sawdust.

5.Crank Drill

hand crank drill

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The crank drill has a high helix angle, which helps it to make deep holes in difficult materials by boosting penetration efficiency. It also has a pointed tip to help it cut. One of the few manual drills that can drill through heavy metals like steel is the crank drill.


A gimlet is a long drill bit with rotational handles. This tool makes deep and wide holes by utilizing leverage. You may produce additional force by extending its handles.

7.Push Drill

Kings County Tools Classic Yankee Style Push Drill

The push drill is a more powerful variant of the hand drill that is smaller in size. The bit is rotated using a spiral ratchet. This drill is utilized in woodworking tasks requiring a high level of accuracy or precision.

8.Post Drill

They receive their name from being installed on posts. These hand-powered presses are capable of boring holes into iron; however the size and depth of the hole will be determined by the operator’s strength.

9.Table Drill

YEEZUGO Floor Drill Press Stand Table for Drill

This all-purpose drilling machine gives you a large and solid work area for your materials. However, because it is dependent on your strength, it may not be appropriate for heavy-duty drilling.Divider 2

Powered Drills

Motors are used to power the activities of powered drills. They are far more powerful than manual drills and need no physical effort on your part. Therefore, they’re perfect for serious do-it-yourselfers and experts. Among these are:

10.Cordless Drills

dewalt cordless drill

Image Credit: Pixabay

Because these machines are battery-powered, they are extremely portable and may be used anywhere. Cordless drills, on the other hand, have the lowest power output of any powered drill type. Nonetheless, there are some strong ones that are rather pricey. Another drawback of cordless drills is their short battery life. These drills are excellent for casual home users as well as professionals working on off-grid project sites.

11.Corded Drills

person using DEWALT Corded Drill

Corded drills are more powerful and lighter than cordless drills. They must, however, be always linked to a wall socket to function, which severely limits their portability. Despite this, they are excellent drills for heavy-duty usage in the workshop.

12.Reversible Drills

DEWALT Corded Drill

These drills may revolve both clockwise and counterclockwise. As a result, they are ideal for quickly and effectively tightening and loosening screws.

13.Impact Drills

person attaching drill on BLACK+DECKER BDCI20C MAX Impact Driver

Impact drills are ideal for heavy-duty woodworking applications. This is since, unlike conventional drills, impact drills begin hammering the material when they find resistance, allowing them to produce holes in harder materials. Nonetheless, they are bad at screw fastening since they tend to jam fasteners into the surface.

14.Hammer Drills

using DeWalt DCD985B Hammer Drill:Drill Driver

The hammer drill derives its name from its operating mechanism, which is characterized by a continuous hammering motion. Hammer drills, like impact drills, are horrible at fastening. However, they are excellent at making holes in extra hard surfaces.

15.Rotary Hammer Drill

Bosch 11255VSR Bulldog Xtreme Rotary Hammer Drill

This drill is most used in masonry. It has an additional grip for improved control. The primary difference between it and a standard hammer drill is that it accelerates the drill bit with pistons rather than cam plates.

16.D-Handle Drills

DEWALT Rotary Hammer Drill with D-Handle

A D-handle drill is simply a hammer drill with the trigger located at the rear rather than the front. D-handles are equipped with strong motors that enable them to provide consistent speed and power. They are also utilized in mixing applications in addition to drilling.


17.Combination Drill

WORX WX176L Combi drill

This instrument, sometimes known as a combi drill, may be used as both an impact and a hammer drill. Therefore, it is an excellent bargain for someone who need both. Combination drills can also be used on soft and difficult materials.

18.Mechanic Drill

A mechanic drill has a flexible design that allows it to be used for both light and heavy-duty tasks. As a result, rather of purchasing different drills for softwood and metals, a single mechanic drill should suffice.

19.Auger Drill

This is a bigger drill used to drill holes in the earth. It is available in both one- and two-person variants. The motor is located above the bit and is controlled by big grips.

20.Core Drill


When drilling big holes in walls or surfaces, a core drill comes in helpful. They have a secondary grip and a safety clutch for improved handling and safety.divider 4

Pneumatic Drills

Pneumatic drills, often known as jackhammers, are powered by compressed air. They are highly strong, making them perfect for heavy-duty applications like drilling through rocks or breaking up pavements. Pneumatic drills are suitable for usage in potentially explosive situations. Among these drill kinds are:

21.Straight Air Drills

Grizzly Industrial H6363-3:8 Straight Air Drill

Straight air drills have a tiny chassis that makes them excellent for usage in small places. Furthermore, they are excellent alternatives to standard power drills since, despite their size, they produce greater power.

22.Gun Handle Drill

Straight air drills are not as effective as gun handle drills. As a result, they are ideal for industrial applications. They are the most often used form of corded drill.divider 5

Heavy-Duty Drills

A drill press is the ideal option if you operate a workshop that conducts a lot of heavy-duty drilling since they are huge and powerful. Among them are:

23.Portable Drill Press

Eurotool DRL-300.00 Benchtop Drill Press

It is also known as a tabletop drill press and has smaller proportions than normal drill presses, making it an excellent alternative for do-it-yourselfers. It can, however, hold its own in an industrial context.

24.Floor Drill Press

Shop Fox W1848 Oscillating Floor Drill Press

The tabletop drill press is a bigger and more powerful variant of the benchtop drill press. For drilling lengthy and thick items, the floor drill press is perfect.

25.CNC Drill Press

This multipurpose equipment can drill, bore, grind, and turn. Because it can be programmed, it is commonly used in mass production facilities to make accurate holes.2

6.Mill Drill

Shop Fox M1116 Variable-Speed Mill:Drill

This drill press is also a milling machine. It is similar to a heavy-duty drill press, except that it has a bigger column and an X-Y table. As a result, it not only bores holes but also eliminates material. As a result, they are among the most adaptable equipment in a machinist’s workplace.

27.Paper Drill

This drill press is used to make accurate holes in paper, as the name implies. In both function and look, paper drills are like ordinary wood drill presses. Their strength, however, varies greatly. divider 9

Specialty Drills

Some drills are made for a specific purpose. This implies they cannot be utilized in any other context. Specialty drills are the name given to such units. Here are a few instances.

28. Cranial Drill

pneumatic cranial drill

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The cranial drill is intended to create holes in thick bones. As a result, if you are not in the medical field, you are unlikely to require one. Neurosurgeons most often utilize cranial drills to drill holes in the skull.

29.Dentist Drill

dentist drills

Image Credit: PxHere

The dental drill has a long handle, a cylindrical head, and a small bit, like a ratcheting wrench. This machine can reach incredible speeds of up to 250,000 RPM. It is, as the name implies, what the dentist employs to operate on your teeth.

30.Mini Drill

Mini drill

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Mini drills are a kind of hand drill. This small device resembles a fine-toothed screwdriver. It is commonly used for high-precision hobbies such as watchmaking and jewelry creation. Despite the complexity of the job they do, they are incredibly simple to utilize.

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